Agricultural hemp, often referred to simply as hemp, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for industrial purposes. Unlike marijuana, another variety of Cannabis sativa, hemp contains very low levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive compound responsible for the “high” associated with marijuana use. In many countries, including the United States, hemp is legally defined as cannabis containing 0.3% THC or less on a dry weight basis.
Hemp has a long history of use for various industrial purposes, including fiber for textiles and rope, seeds for food and oil, and its stalks for a variety of industrial products such as building materials and biofuels. Due to its versatility and sustainability, hemp is gaining popularity in various industries including agriculture, textiles, construction, and health and wellness.