An anxiolytic is a type of medication or substance that is used to reduce anxiety. These substances work by affecting the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain, such as gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), serotonin, or norepinephrine, which are involved in regulating mood and anxiety.
Anxiolytics are commonly prescribed to treat various anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias. They can also be used to manage symptoms of anxiety that occur in other conditions, such as depression or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
There are several classes of anxiolytic medications, including Benzodiazepines, Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) and Buspirone.