Autoflowering cannabis, often referred to simply as autoflowers, is a type of cannabis plant that automatically transitions from the vegetative stage to the flowering stage based on age rather than changes in light exposure. This is in contrast to photoperiod cannabis strains, which require specific light schedules to induce flowering.
Autoflowering cannabis plants are the result of crossbreeding between Cannabis ruderalis, a subspecies of cannabis that originates from regions with short growing seasons, and other cannabis strains such as Cannabis indica or Cannabis sativa. Cannabis ruderalis plants naturally flower based on age rather than light cycles, and this trait has been bred into auto-flowering strains.
The main advantage of autoflowering cannabis plants is their ability to complete their life cycle more rapidly, typically in around 8 to 10 weeks from seed to harvest. This makes them particularly popular among outdoor growers in regions with short summers or for those who want to harvest multiple crops in a single growing season.
Autoflowering cannabis plants offer a convenient option for growers seeking a fast and easy-to-grow cannabis variety, especially for those with limited space or time constraints.