Potency refers to the strength, effectiveness, or concentration of a substance, especially in the context of pharmacology or chemistry. It measures the amount or concentration of the active ingredient(s) within a given substance or product.
In the realm of cannabis, potency often refers to the concentration of cannabinoids, particularly THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol), which are the primary active compounds in the plant. For example, a high-potency cannabis strain might contain a high percentage of THC, leading to more pronounced psychoactive effects, while a high-CBD strain would have a high concentration of CBD, potentially offering more therapeutic benefits without the psychoactive “high.”
Potency can also be used to describe the concentration of other compounds in cannabis, such as terpenes, which contribute to the plant’s aroma and may have their own therapeutic effects.