Psychoactive refers to substances or compounds that have the ability to alter mood, consciousness, perception, cognition, or behavior by affecting the central nervous system (CNS). These substances can produce changes in mental functioning and subjective experiences, often referred to as a “high” or altered state of consciousness.

The term “psychoactive” encompasses a wide range of substances, including both legal and illegal drugs, pharmaceutical medications, plant-based substances, and synthetic compounds. Some common examples of psychoactive substances include:

  1. Alcohol: Alcohol is a legal psychoactive substance that depresses the CNS, leading to relaxation, euphoria, impaired judgment, and loss of inhibitions.
  2. Cannabis: Cannabis contains psychoactive compounds such as THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol), which interact with cannabinoid receptors in the brain, leading to alterations in mood, perception, and cognition. THC is primarily responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis, including euphoria, relaxation, altered sensory perception, and impaired memory and coordination.

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