Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in many plants, including cannabis, and are responsible for the distinctive scents and flavors associated with different strains. They are produced in the resin glands (trichomes) of the cannabis plant alongside cannabinoids such as THC and CBD. Terpenes play a variety of roles in plants, including attracting pollinators, deterring herbivores, and protecting against pathogens.
The presence and combination of terpenes in a strain can greatly influence its overall characteristics and the subjective experience of the user. Terpenes are increasingly recognized for their role in the therapeutic properties of cannabis and are an area of ongoing research in the field of cannabis science.